Types of hearing loss

Types of hearing loss

Hearing loss can be caused by many different circumstances and can occur at any age. There are three basic types of hearing loss:

Conductive hearing loss

Conductive hearing loss is a decrease in sound due to problems located in either the middle ear or the outer ear. This type of hearing loss is often treatable with the right type of intervention such as medication or surgery. The conductive hearing loss can have several causes. Among them are ear infections which tend to cause fluid in the middle ear, wax in the ear canal or a perforation of the eardrum.

Sensorineural hearing loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is a problem related to the inner ear and/or the nerve pathways between the inner ear and the brain. Along the most common causes of sensorineural hearing loss are:

  1. Aging
  2. Infection
  3. Excessive exposure to noise
  4. Meningitis
  5. Certain genetic disorders
  6. Meniere’s disease
  7. Viruses

The sensorineural hearing loss is not correctable and is treated with hearing aids.

Mixed hearing loss

The mixed hearing loss is the occurrence of both a conductive hearing loss and a sensorineural hearing loss at the same time. Thus, the inner ear and nerve paths are damaged as well as a blockage in either the middle ear or the outer ear. While the conductive hearing loss can usually be corrected, the sensorineural problem is permanent and hearing aids are usually prescribed.

Sooner is better

The sooner you take steps to manage your hearing loss, the easier your process will be. The ability to hear resides in our brain; the longer it is deprived of sounds, the harder it is to teach it to hear those sounds again. Wearing hearing aids can prevent or reduce this negative impact.

Getting treatment can improve your quality of life dramatically:

  • Greater self-confidence
  • Closer relationships with loved ones
  • Improved outlook on life

Source: http://www.resound.com/en-US/about-hearing-loss#anchor1